Rahul Vijay Awathankar, MSS Rukmini, Rajeshree D Raut


Faithfull detection of non-utilized spectrum hole in available channel is a crucial issue for cognitive radio network. Choosing the best available channel for a secondary user transmission includes settling on decision of accessible choices of free frequency spectrum based on multiple objectives. Thus channel judgment can be demonstrated as several objective decision making (MODM) problem. An ultimate goal of this exploration is to define and execute a technique for multiple objective optimizations of multiple alternative of channel decision in Adhoc cognitive radio network. After a coarse review of an articles related to the multiple objective decision making within a process of channel selection, Multiple Objective Optimization on the basis of the Ratio Analysis (MOORA) technique is taken into consideration. Some important objectives values of non-utilized spectrum collected by a fusion center are proposed as objectives for consideration in the decision of alternatives. MOORA method is applied to a matrix of replies of each channel alternatives to channel objectives which results in set ratios. Among the set of obtained dimensionless ratios, all the channel alternatives are ranked in descending order. In MOORA, channel choices with moderate objectives can top in ranking order, which is hardly conceivable with linearly weighted objectives of the different channel by using different decision making technique.

Full Text:



J. Mitola and G. Q. Maguire. Cognitive radio: Making software radios more personal. IEEE Personal Communications, 6, no. 4:13–18, 1999.

Ian F. Akyildiz, W-Y.Lee, and K. R. Chowdhury. Crahns: Cognitive radio ad hoc networks. Ad Hoc Networks, 7, issue 5:810–836, July 2009

A. Ghasemi and E. S. Sousa, “Collaborative spectrum sensing for opportunistic access in fading environments,” in Proc. IEEE 1st Symp. Dynamic Spectr. Access Netw., Nov. 2005, pp. 131–136.

S. M. Mishra, A. Sahai, and R. W. Brodersen, “Cooperative sensing among cognitive radios,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun., vol. 4. Jun. 2006, pp. 1658–1663.

I. F. Akyildiz, W. Y. Lee, M. C. Vuran, and S. Mohanty, “NeXt generation / dynamic spectrum access / cognitive radio wireless networks: A survey," Computer Networks Journal (Elsevier), Sept. 2006.

N. Ahmed, D. Hadaller, and S. Keshav, “GUESS: gossiping updates for efficient spectrum sensing," in Proc. International workshop on Decentralized resource sharing in mobile computing and networking, Los Angeles, California, USA, 2006, pp. 12-17.

Elias Z Tragos, Sherali Zeadally, Alexandros G Fragkiadakis, and Vasilios A Siris, “Spectrum assignment in cognitive radio networks: A comprehensive survey,” Communications Surveys & Tutorials, IEEE, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 1108–1135, 2013.

Arsany Guirguis, Mohammed Karmoose, Karim Habak, Mustafa El-Nainay, and Moustafa Youssef, “Cooperation-based routing in cognitive radio networks,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1608.01632, 2016.

M. van der Schaar and F. Fu, “Spectrum access games and strategic learning in cognitive radio networks for delay-critical applications,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 97, no. 4, pp. 720 –740, 2009.

B. Wang, Y. Wu and K. Liu, “Game theory for cognitive radio networks: An overview,” Computer Networks, vol. 54, no. 14, pp. 2537- 2561, 2010.

Q. Zhao, A. Swami, ”A Decision-theoretic framework for opportunistic spectrum access,” IEEE Wireless Commun., vol. 14, no. 4, pp.14–20, 2007.

Rahul Awathankar, Dr Rajeshri D. Raut, Dr. M S S Rukmini, “Ad-Hoc Network Based Smart I-Voting System: An Application to Cognitive Radio Technology” at 2016 IEEE International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Computing Research (ICCIC-2016), 15-17 December, 2016, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India, , pp- 875-880.

Maroua Drissi, Mohammed Oumsis, “Multi-Criteria Vertical Handover Comparison betweenWimax and Wifi” at Information, 2015, 6, 399- 410.

Brauers, W. K. M., & Zavadskas, E. K. The MOORA method and its application to privatization in a transition economy. 2006, Control and Cybernetics, 35(2), 445.

Hwang C.L. and Yoon K., Multiple Attributes Decision Making Methods and Applications, Springer, Berlin, 1981, pp.95 – 101.

R. Aguilar-gonzalez, Marco Cardenas-Juarez, Ulises Pineda-Rico, Enrique Stevens-Navarro, Performance of MADM Algorithms with Real Spectrum Measurements for Spectrum Decision in Cognitive Radio Networks, 2014 11th International Conference on Electrical Engineering, Computing Science and Automatic Control (CCE), (2014).

C. R. Stevenson, G. Chouinard, Z. Lei, W. Hu, S. J. Shellhammer, and W. Caldwell, “IEEE 802.22: The First Cognitive Radio Wireless Regional Area Network Standard,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 47, pp. 137–138, January 2009.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications
is a periodical of Electronics and Telecommunications Committee
of Polish Academy of Sciences

eISSN: 2300-1933