Efficient relay node management in BLE MESH networks

Andrzej Bęben, Andrzej Bąk, Maciej Sosnowski


The Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) MESH network technology gains popularity in low duty IoT systems. Its advantage is a low energy consumption that enables long lifetime of IoT systems. The paper proposes and evaluates new MRT management methods, i.e. exact and heuristic, that further improves energy efficiency of BLE MESH network by minimizing the number of active relay nodes. The performed experiments confirm efficiency of the MRT  methods resulting in significantly lower energy consumption of BLE MESH netwo

Full Text:



"Bluetooth core specification,” Bluetooth Special Interest Group, Specification v5.1, January 2019.

A. Liendo, D. Morche, R. Guizzetti, and F. Rousseau, “Efficient Bluetooth Low Energy Operation for Low Duty Cycle Applications,” in 2018 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC), May 2018, pp. 1–7.

M. W. Group, “Bluetooth mesh profile,” Bluetooth Special Interest Group, Specification v1.0.1., January 2019.

S. M. Darroudi and C. Gomez, “Bluetooth low energy mesh networks: A survey,” Sensors, vol. 17, no. 7, 2017.[Online]. Available: http://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/17/7/1467

S. M. Darroudi, R. Caldera-Sanchez, and C. Gomez, “Bluetooth mesh energy consumption: A model,” Sensors, vol. 19, no. 5, 2019. [Online]. Available: http://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/19/5/1238

“Nordic semiconductor nrf52832 soc,” https://devzone.nordicsemi.com/power/, accessed: 2019-11-01.

P. Owczarek and P. Zwierzykowski, “Review of simulators for wireless mesh networks,” Journal of Telecommunications and Information Technology (JTIT), vol. 14, pp. 82–89, 09 2014.

A. Nayyar and R. Singh, “A comprehensive review of simulation tools for wireless sensor networks (wsns),” pp. 19–47, 01 2015.

“Ble module for ns3,” http://kartikpatel.in/ns-3-dev-git/group__ble.html, accessed: 2019-11-01.

K. Mikhaylov, “Simulation of network-level performance for bluetooth low energy,” in 2014 IEEE 25th Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor, and Mobile Radio Communication (PIMRC), Sep. 2014, pp. 1259–1263.

M. Lacage and T. R. Henderson, “Yet another network simulator,” in Proceeding from the 2006 Workshop on Ns-2: The IP Network Simulator, ser. WNS2 ’06. New York, NY, USA: ACM, 2006. [Online]. Available: http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1190455.1190467


  • There are currently no refbacks.

International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications
is a periodical of Electronics and Telecommunications Committee
of Polish Academy of Sciences

eISSN: 2300-1933