Characterization of Propagation Models in Wireless Communications for 4G Network


  • Nawal Al Amri ECE Department Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat
  • Zia Nadir ECE Department Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat
  • Hassan Al Lawati ECE Department Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat
  • Mohammed Bait Suwailam ECE Department Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat


Estimating the pathloss and signal strength of the transmitted signal at specific distances is one of the main objectives of network designers. This paper aims to provide generalized pathloss models appropriate for urban areas in Muscat the capital city of the Sultanate of Oman environment. The research includes studying different models of pathloss for the 4G cellular network at Muttrah Business District (MBD) at Muscat. Different models (Free Space model, Okumura Hata, Extended Sakagami, Cost231 Hata, ECC-33 Hata – Okumura extended, Ericsson, Egli, and SUI) are used with 800MHz. The results of the prediction models are compared with real measured data by calculating RMSE. The generalized models are created by modified original models to get accepted RMSE values.  Different cells at MBD are tested by modified models. The RMSE values are then calculated for verification purposes.  To validate the modified pathloss models of 4G, they are also applied at different cells in different cities in the capital. They have approximately the same environment as MBD. The modified pathloss models provided accepted predictions in new locations.

Author Biographies

Nawal Al Amri, ECE Department Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat

PG Student

Zia Nadir, ECE Department Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat

Associate Professor

ECE Dept. SQU,

Hassan Al Lawati, ECE Department Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat

Assistant Professor

ECE Dept. SQU,


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Wireless and Mobile Communications