A Concept of V2G Battery Charging Station as the Implementation of IoT and Cyber Physical Network System


  • Muhammad Nasir Politeknik Negeri Lhokseumawe
  • Nelly Safitri Politeknik Negeri Lhokseumawe
  • Rachmawati Rachmawati Politeknik Negeri Lhokseumawe
  • Yassir Yassir Politeknik Negeri Lhokseumawe
  • Muhammad Arhami Politeknik Negeri Lhokseumawe


The integration of the internet of things (IoT) and cyber physical network into the battery charging station system is critical to the success and long-term viability of the vehicle to grid (V2G) trend for future automobiles in terms of environmental and energy sustainability. The goal of this article is to create a V2G battery charging station concept using the internet of things (IoT) and a cyber physical network system. The V2G charging station concept was developed with the idea that every charging electric vehicle (EV) can communicate and coordinate with the charging station's control center, which includes a cyber physical system that addresses privacy and security concerns. The communication protocol must also be considered by the charging station. The preliminary test has been taken into consideration. Normal hours (for case one), peak hours (for case two), and valley hours (for case three), respectively, were created as charging circumstances for EVs at charging stations. Simulations were run for each of the three case scenarios. Each EV's battery state of charge (SoC) is provided a 50 percent initial charge and user-defined SoC restrictions. The MATLAB/SIMULINK platform was used to run the case simulations. The grid frequency, charging station output power, and the EV's battery SoC were all observed during the 24-hour simulation. As a result, the developed V2G charging station concept can regulate its input and output power depending on the battery status of the EVs inside the charging station, as well as provide frequency regulation service to the grid while meeting the energy demand of EV customers.

Author Biographies

Muhammad Nasir, Politeknik Negeri Lhokseumawe

Information Technology Engineering Department

Nelly Safitri, Politeknik Negeri Lhokseumawe

Electrical Engineering Department

Rachmawati Rachmawati, Politeknik Negeri Lhokseumawe

Electrical Engineering Department

Yassir Yassir, Politeknik Negeri Lhokseumawe

Electrical Engineering Department

Muhammad Arhami, Politeknik Negeri Lhokseumawe

Electrical Engineering Department


. P. Van den Bossche, The Electric Vehicle: Raising the Standards. Ph.D. Thesis, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 2003.

. P. Van den Bossche, Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure. Handbook of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, ISBN 978-0-444-53565-8, DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-444-53565-8.00020-8, Chapter 20, pp.517-543, 2010.

. B. Vani, et al., “Grid Management through Vehicle-To-Grid Technology,” in International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE) ISSN: 2277-3878(Online), Volume-10 Issue-2, 2021, pp. 5-9.

. Anthony Jnr, “Applying enterprise architecture for digital transformation of electro mobility towards sustainable transportation,” in Proceedings of the 2020 on Computers and People Research Conference (Nuremberg), pp. 38–46.

. da Silva, H. B., and Santiago, L. P. (2019). “Optimal energy trading policy for solar- powered microgrids: a modeling approach based on plug-in hybrid electric vehicles,” in Smart and Digital Cities (Cham), 251–273.

. R. Motere, et al., Securing the Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure. A report collaboration of Newcastle University, The Alan Turing Institute, University of Warwick, and University of Strathclyde and relates to the projects e4Future and ABC-RP. April 2021.

. Y L Zhukovskiy, et al., “The use of vehicle-to-grid technology for the integration of electric vehicles in the power system of the city,” in ITBI, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, (IOP Publishing, 2019), pp.1-8.

. V. Chamola, et al., “An IoT and Edge Computing Based Framework for Charge Scheduling and EV Selection in V2G Systems,” in IEEE Journal Transaction on Vehicular Technology, DOI 10.1109/TVT.2020.3013198, 2020, pp. 1-12.

. D. Liu, et al., “Modeling and Control of a V2G Charging Station Based on Synchronverter Technology,” in CSEE JOURNAL OF POWER AND ENERGY SYSTEMS, VOL. 4, NO. 3, 2018, pp. 326-338.






Internet Engineering, Web Technology